WHEN THE QUEEN ELIZABETH HALL at the Southbank Centre in London put on a series of concerts called “Words and Music,” they invited me to join a Spanish flamenco player and a lute player from Baghdad in an event they advertised as “A Night in Andalusia” and to speak between their pieces about my gastronomic experiences in Andalusia.

I talked about Ziryab, a lute player from Baghdad who fled from the court of Harun al-Rashid in the ninth century and joined the court of Córdoba and is credited for introducing new music and new dishes to Spain. I described the dishes I discovered, giving the recipe for a salmorejo that was served at a flamenco festival in Córdoba, and which I also found in every bar and tavern in that city. At the end of the concert, a middle-aged woman came to tell me that she had been moved to tears on hearing the recipe. She was from the province of Córdoba and had lived in Britain for many years.

Salmorejo has become one of my favorite summer foods. It is a refreshing cold tomato soup, more filling than gazpacho, with more bread, and extremely tasty even when the tomatoes are of indifferent flavor, because of the extra-virgin olive oil, vinegar, garlic and seasonings. It was born as the simple meal Andalusian agricultural laborers made for themselves when they worked in the vegetable gardens. They brought with them a dornillo (pestle and mortar) to pound the tomatoes that grew on the spot, some olive oil, salt and vinegar to dress them, and some bread. It fills me with joy every time I make it because it brings back memories of Córdoba.

“They say that with gastronomy, as with music, you can touch people and make them cry.”


Andoni Luis Aduriz, the brilliant young chef at Mugaritz in the Basque Country whose cuisine has been described as techno-emotional, told me that although he uses science and technology to create his dishes, he wants them to evoke memories and provoke emotions. “Memories and emotions” is the new mantra of innovative chefs.

I don’t peel the tomatoes; in the food processor, the skin all but disappears. I vary the toppings. The Córdoba version is chopped hard-boiled eggs and jamón. In Antequera and the area south of Córdoba, where they call it porra, they add bits of tinned tuna. I sometimes add chopped cornichons, capers or chopped olives.

I went in search of those memories and emotions that dishes evoke in Spaniards, and on the way discovered what they meant to me. It is surprising how dishes can appeal directly to the emotions. They say that with gastronomy, as with music, you can touch people and make them cry. When I cook at home in London, it is the people who gave me recipes and those with whom I shared meals that I think of. It is images of the flamenco concert in Córdoba, the convent where I stayed in Seville, and the cathedral in Santiago de Compostela that I conjure up. They represent an old civilization with a fabulous cuisine—delicious and exciting.

I mustn’t forget that the story of gazpacho is also the story of the tomatoes that came from the New World. They were first cultivated in Seville, in the early 16th century, but extensive use of the tomato only began in the 19th century.

—Ms. Roden is a London-based cookbook author and president of the Oxford Symposium on Food and Cookery.


Cold tomato soup with chopped hard-boiled eggs and ham

SERVES: 4 | PREP TIME: 25 minutes | TOTAL TIME: 35 minutes


150-175g white bread without crusts, preferably day-old
750g tomatoes
2-4 garlic cloves, crushed
100mL extra-virgin olive oil
1½-2 tablespoons red or white-wine vinegar
½-¾ teaspoon caster sugar
Salt and freshly ground black pepper

For the garnish

2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
2 hard-boiled eggs, peeled and chopped
100-120g jamón serrano, chopped

How to prepare

1. Put the bread in the food processor and turn it into fine crumbs. Then pour these into a serving bowl.

2. Cut the tomatoes, unpeeled, into quarters and remove the hard white bits at the stem end. Blend in the food processor until the peel shows only as tiny specks of red in the pink cream. Add the rest of the ingredients, tasting to decide how much garlic and vinegar you want, and blend well. Then add the breadcrumbs and mix well.

3. Serve in bowls garnished with a sprinkling of the olive oil and the chopped eggs and ham.


For a porra that was the mainstay of the peasantry of Antequera, blend 500g of bread soaked in water with 500g tomatoes, 1 green pepper, 4-5 crushed garlic cloves, 175mL extra-virgin olive oil, and salt and vinegar to taste. Garnish with chopped egg, jamón and flaked tuna bits.



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